- August 22, 2021
- Posted by: admin1
- Category: DPN Topics
Subject – Art and Culture
- Madurkathi mats, or madur, are mats woven in West Bengal from a reed called madurkottir, or madurkathi, a sedge of the family Cyperaceae.
- Madur mat-making is a long-standing tradition, centred on the Medinipur district, and is an important part of the rural economy.
- Madur mats are made of natural fibres.
- The mats are woven mainly by weavers of the Mahishya caste, and predominantly by women.
- This cottage industry contributes significantly to village household income.
- The mats are non-conductive and sweat-absorbing, making them an essential household item in West Bengal’s hot and humid climate. These mats are also used for religious purposes.
- On March 28, 2018, Indian Patent Office granted the Government of West Bengal a Geographical Indication (GI) Tag for madurkathi, under registration no. 567 in respect of handicrafts.
- ‘Masland’ a fine quality madur mat, which takes weeks to weave.
- During the 18th century, Masland mats flourished under royal patronage. In 1744, Nawab Alibardi Khanissued a charter to landowning jagirdars in this regard, and as a result, it was obligatory to supply Masland mats for use in the Collectorate.
- The design and the quality of material used determine the price of the madur.