Sachar panel report
- February 11, 2023
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Sachar panel report
- The Rajya Sabha on Friday took up a private member’s resolution urging the government to implement the recommendations of the Sachar Committee and other reports that have discussed educational and social backwardness of the Muslim community.
- The Sachar Committee was a seven-member High Level Committee in India established in March 2005.
- The committee was headed by former Chief Justice of Delhi High Court Rajinder Sachar.
- Aim of the committee: To examine the socio-economic and educational status of the Muslim community in India. The availability of data on religion was useful in highlighting the relative deprivation of minorities.
- The report highlighted a range of disabilities faced by the Muslim community.
- It placed Indian Muslims below Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in backwardness.
- It highlighted the huge mismatch between the percentage of Muslims in the population and in decision-making positions such as the IAS and IPS,
- It highlighted poor representation of the community in the police.
Main recommendations of the committee
- The Committee made a number of recommendations to address the status of the Muslim community in India, including:
- Set up an ‘Equal Opportunity Commission’ to look into grievances of deprived groups like minorities.
- Create a nomination procedure to increase the participation of minorities in public bodies.
- Establish a delimitation procedure that does not reserve constituencies with a high minority population for SCs.
- Increase employment share of Muslims, particularly where there is a great deal of public dealing. Work out mechanisms to link madrasas with the higher secondary school boards.
- Recognize degrees from madrasas for eligibility in defence, civil and banking examinations.
Private Members Bill /Resolution
- Any Member of Parliament (MP) who is not a minister is referred to as a private member.
- Its drafting is the responsibility of the member concerned.
- Its introduction in the House requires one month’s notice. Whereas government bill requires 7 days’ notice.
- The government bills/public bills can be introduced and discussed on any day, private member’s bills can be introduced and discussed only on Fridays.
- In case of multiple Bills, a ballot system is used to decide the sequence of bills for introduction.
- The Parliamentary Committee on Private Member’s Bills and Resolutions goes through all such bills/resolutions and classifies them based on their urgency and importance.
- Its rejection by the House has no implication on the parliamentary confidence in the government or its resignation.
- 14 private member’s bills — five of which were introduced in Rajya Sabha — have become law so far.