- June 21, 2020
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPN Topics
Assam state government has ordered the arrest of political commentator who had described Chaolung Sukapha as a “Chinese invader”
- Sukapha was a 13th-century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries. Contemporary scholars trace his roots to Burma.
- The founders of the Ahom kingdom had their own language and followed their own religion. Over the centuries, the Ahoms accepted the Hindu religion and the Assamese language.
- Sukapha’s significance lies in his successful efforts towards assimilation of different communities and tribes. He is widely referred to as the architect of “BorAsom” or “greater Assam”.
- To commemorate Sukapha and his rule, Assam celebrates “Asom Divas” on December 2 every year.
- The Ahom kingdom was established in 1228 when Sukaphaa entered the Brahmaputra valley. Sukaphaa did not battle any established kingdom and seem to have occupied a depopulated region on the south bank with the Burhidihing river in the north, the Dikhauriver in the south and the Patkai mountains in the east.
- The Ahomsbrought with them the technology of wet rice cultivation that they shared with other groups.
- The kingdom came under attack from Turkic and Afghan rulers of Bengal, but it withstood them.
- On one occasion, the Ahoms under TankhamBorgohain pursued the invaders and reached the Karatoyariver, and the Ahoms began to see themselves as the rightful heir of the erstwhile Kamarupa Kingdom.
- The kingdom came under repeated Mughal attacks in the 17th century, and on one occasion in 1662, the Mughals under Mir Jumla occupied the capital, Garhgaon.
- The Mughals were unable to keep it, and in at the end of the Battle of Saraighat, the Ahoms not only fended off a major Mughal invasion, but extended their boundaries west, up to the Manas river.
- The later phase of the rule was also marked by increasing social conflicts, leading to the Moamoria rebellion.
- The rebels were able to capture and maintain power at the capital Rangpur for some years, but were finally removed with the help of the British under Captain Welsh.
- A much weakened kingdom fell to repeated Burmese attacks and finally after the Treaty of Yandabo in 1826, the control of the kingdom passed into British hands.