Daily Practice Sheet 14 December 2021
- December 14, 2021
- Posted by: OptimizeIAS Team
- Category: DPS
Daily Practice Sheet
14 December 2021
Daily Prelims Topic
- Pakke Tiger Reserve
- Exotic Animals
- Energy Conservation Day
- Pension for Judges
- Climate Change-Related Discussions at the UN Security Council
- Central Asian Nations
- NCPCR portal ‘Bal Swaraj’
- Pakke Tiger Reserve
- The U.S., Russia, the U.K., Japan and Canada account for 10% of the world’s population, but 39% of cumulative emissions, while China, India, Brazil and Indonesia account for 42% of the world’s population but just 23% of cumulative emissions.
- A 2020 estimate said that Indian enterprises alone might have suffered losses of more than ₹1.25 lakh crore due to ransomware, malware, and other security breaches.
MAINS OPTIMA 2021
- “There is only one good knowledge and one evil ignorance”. What do you understand by the quote?
- “An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching”. What do you understand by the quote?
- Ethics knows the difference between what you have a right to do and what is right to do. What do you understand by the quote?
Topic: Fundamental Rights
- Indian constitution not only offers formal equality but also substantive equality. In this context discuss fundamental Right to Equality under our constitution.
Hint: Highlight the Constitutional idea of equality and how the concept is of formal plus substantial equality while highlighting right to equality under the Indian constitution.
|Introduction (I): Introduce with Constitutional talk of right of equality as mentioned in various equality.|
Body (B): 1) First talk how various provisions under constitution gives formal equality (ex- Equality before law, no discrimination, right to vote etc)
2) Show the substantive equality it seeks to achieve through various means. Ex- reservation, minority protection etc. (mention SC judgements to support argument)
Conclusion (C): Thus, Indian Constitution focuses on substantive equality when it talks of Right to equality in term of equality of status and opportunity.
- What do you understand by class legislation? Do you think Maratha reservation law is class legislation? Discuss in the context of Right to equality under Article 14. Do you think sub-categorisation of OBC list will help streamline reservation policy?
Hint: First clarify what is class legislation (applies to certain persons or class of persons, gives them privilege). Analyze briefly Art 14 position on class legislation and then present argument for and against if it is class legislation. (Refer model answer for sectional tests)
|Introduction (I): Briefly explain what class legislation is. (1 marks)|
Body (B): 1) Mention how Art 14 forbids class based legislation.(2)
2) Talk about Maratha reservation and give argument for and against if it is a class legislation and breach in system of reservation. Talk about the opinion of the SC in recent judgement. (6)
Conclusion (c): Matter being a political issue and constitutional needs clear order and clarification by a bigger constitutional bench. (1 marks)
Daily Mains Mantra
GS 2: Polity
GS 2: IR
- What is the mandate of UNSC? Do you think climate change should be included in it? [Reference: Indian Express]
- What is EU Global Gateway Initiative? How it is different from China’s BRI? [Reference: The Hindu]
GS 3: Economy
GS 3: Environment
GS 4: Ethics